What is saffron? Properties of saffron – Saffron compounds
What will you read ...What is saffron?Saffron capital of the worldRed GoldConsumption of standard saffronChemical compounds of saffronTaste of saffronAroma and color of saffronThe main ingredients of saffronAmerican University Research on SaffronMedicinal applications of saffronTreatment of depression with saffronControl Withdrawal syndromeSpatial memoryTreatment of schizophreniaAnxiety, stress and insomniaLower blood sugar levelsAnti-cancer effectsBurn wound healingImpact on the nervous system of the bodyImpact on the immune systemImpact on the genitourinary systemImpact on the eyesImpact on the skinProperties of each of the saffron compoundsProperties of lycopeneBeta-carotene - Vitamin A.The quality of saffronWhy is saffron expensive?Planting and harvesting saffronWhat is the time of harvesting saffron?How to dry saffronDrying saffron with a machineSale of saffron and export of saffronSaffron priceExport of saffronBuy pure saffron
In the following article you will read:
What are the properties of saffron?
How much saffron can we use daily?
We introduce the biggest producer, the biggest exporter and the biggest seller of saffron.
History of saffron?
What is saffron?
What are the countries producing saffron?
Important compounds of saffron
Saffron ingredients and chemical compounds of saffron
What is saffron?
Red Gold: Typically, saffron flowers have 6 purple petals, 3 golden yellow vases and one red vase, which are shown as 3 strands, and these three strands turn into saffron after drying.
From the stage of harvesting saffron from the farm to processing its saffron requires sufficient skills and observance of the principles related to it.
While during these stages, a large number of skilled workers are needed, all of which certainly cost the saffron farmer a lot of money.
We have a saffron farm in Iran and Afghanistan and we do all the work steps professionally and we offer you the highest quality saffron at the best price.
Saffron capital of the world
Did you know that the history of the saffron plant dates back to three thousand years ago?
In recent years, the capital of saffron has been named Iran.
Because almost 80% of the world’s saffron is produced in Iran.
Spain is currently the largest exporter of saffron in the world and is also the second largest producer of saffron in the world.
Many countries plant saffron during these years.
Afghanistan, China, Turkey, Morocco, India, USA, Algeria, France, Greece, Germany, Japan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Egypt and…
In previous years, saffron plant was not only used in traditional medicine and in the treatment of various disorders, but also in various industries and was used as a natural coloring, seasoning and flavoring, perfume, preservative, etc.
Due to the properties of saffron, it is named as the most expensive spice in the world, which is why it is also called red gold.
Consumption of standard saffron
0.1 g per person (approximately 10 to 15 saffron stigmas)
Maximum daily consumption of 1 gram per person
Warning: If more than one gram of saffron is consumed daily, it will cause nausea and vomiting.
Chemical compounds of saffron
Saffron contains 150 types of aromatic and color compounds, the yellow color of saffron is primarily due to the presence of crocin in its composition.
Crocin is almost one carotenoid pigment in more than 10% of dried saffron.
Depending on the weather conditions and the type of quality planting; The color, taste and smell of saffron change.
According to research, the color is mainly due to the stabilized carotenoid compounds, crocin and crocetin, which cause the aroma, taste and color of saffron.
Taste of saffron
The safranals in saffron also make it spicy.
Picrocrocins are also one of the important compounds that have a good effect on the taste of saffron.
Saffron is dried after harvest from the field (by drying saffron in the old way and drying saffron by machine). It distributes heat along with the picrocrocin process to produce glucose and a free safranal molecule.
Aroma and color of saffron
It is cyclohexadien that causes color and fragrance.
The amount of cyclohexadien in saffron is less than safranal, but it is one of the important compounds in creating the aroma of saffron.
Note: Saffron should be kept away from sunlight.
Dried saffron is very sensitive to fluctuations in pH level and decomposes rapidly in the presence of light and oxidizing agents.
Therefore, they should be kept in tight and closed containers, but saffron is completely resistant to heat. It is much better if it is on the glass side.
The main ingredients of saffron
One of the main components of saffron is crocin, which is a coloring agent.
Beta-carotenes: These carotenoids are also found in carrot compounds.
Picrocrocin is a flavoring agent and has a bitter and chemical taste
Lycopene: These carotenoids are also present in tomato compounds.
Safranal is also the main aroma of saffron.
Zeaxanthin: Picrocrocins are an incomplete version of the carotenoid zeaxanthin produced by oxidative cleavage.
American University Research on Saffron
American researchers conducted important research to understand the chemical composition and main structure of the saffron plant. See the results of some research below.
9-13%: (Water) water
3-8%: (Fats) fats
Amino acids and other elements of nitrogen
4-7%: (Cellulose (fiber)) (Cellulose (fiber
(Simple sugars) Simple sugar: 13-15%
11-14%: (Proteins, amino acids, other nitrogen compounds) proteins,
1-1.5%: Minerals (measured as acid soluble ash) (minerals) measured as gray powder of acidic solution
about 40%: (Other non-nitrogen (mainly complex sugars) Other non-nitrogen elements
Medicinal applications of saffron
This valuable plant has many properties: anti-tumor growth, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, liver protector, heart strengthener and …
Research has shown that it can be used to prevent and treat many diseases.
One of the most important active ingredients in saffron is pure crocin, which is very effective on the body’s immune system.
See the medicinal uses of saffron in the following section.
Treatment of depression with saffron
The antidepressant effects of saffron stigma extract and ethanol, saffron petal extract and its main constituents such as crocin and safranal have been proven.
According to research, the effect of saffron capsules on depression has been studied. In these clinical studies, no side effects of saffron consumption have been reported.
Control Withdrawal syndrome
Withdrawal syndrome is found in people with physiological dependencies such as drugs. This syndrome occurs in people who stop or reduce their use of various substances.
Signs and symptoms vary depending on the cut material. Saffron stigmas and their compounds reduce this syndrome by increasing the level of dopamine and glutamate in the brain. Dopamine is a hormone that, when released, causes intense pleasure and happiness. Glutamate is also a hormone that is involved in learning and memory. Studies show that crocin in saffron reduces the syndrome by secreting these two hormones.
In the sciences of cognitive and neuropsychology, spatial memory is the part of memory that is responsible for recording information about the location and spatial orientation of humans and animals.
Saffron plant and its compounds such as crocin, have an important role on this part of perception and cognition.
Therefore, saffron plays an important role in the treatment of mild, moderate and severe Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Saffron also helps improve neurological disorders in the brain such as Parkinson’s.
To treat Parkinson’s as a neurological disorder in the brain, quercetin was given to mice; The results showed that the active ingredients of saffron have anticoagulant properties.
Treatment of schizophrenia
As you know, schizophrenia is a very serious mental disorder that affects more than 1% of the world’s population.
Symptoms of schizophrenia can fall into three main categories:
Cognitive Disorders Positive symptoms and negative symptoms that affect memory and perception, disorders in the process of thinking and social communication, respectively.
The results of studies and research on patients with schizophrenia showed that consuming crocin and saffron extract twice a day is very safe for this disease and leads to improvement of this disease.
Anxiety, stress and insomnia
Anxiety, which varies from mild to moderate, is recognized as an important public health issue worldwide.
Anxiety is a behavioral disorder that the body develops in response to stressful and threatening stimuli.
According to research, crocin as one of the important components of saffron has a vital role in reducing anxiety. In addition, saffron and safranal extract solution can have a positive effect on improving this complication.
The remarkable point is that: the effect of saffron crocin on reducing stress levels has been proven.
Lower blood sugar levels
According to various studies, crocin as one of the main components of saffron can play an effective role in lowering blood sugar levels.
Therefore, the use of saffron is beneficial for patients with blood disorders.
Preliminary research by researchers indicates the anti-cancer properties of saffron and saffron extract, crocetin, crocin, safranal and picrocrocin with anti-cancer properties, have a positive effect on stopping the growth of cancer cells and tumors; But to prove this, more studies need to be done on different types of cancers and tumors.
Burn wound healing
Studies on second-degree burn wounds of animals showed that saffron extract has a positive effect on the treatment of this type of burn.
This proves the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of saffron.
In short, saffron and its main compounds such as crocin and safranal showed significant medicinal properties such as anti-cancer, antioxidant, etc. that can be used to further treat disorders and diseases of the body.
Impact on the nervous system of the body
Safranal, aqueous / ethanolic extracts of saffron: anticoagulant
Safranal: Effective in improving disorders of the nervous system
Saffron Extract, Crocin, Safranal, Saffron Stigma Ethanol Extract: Antidepressant
Crocin: Nervous system protection
Crocin and Crocetin: Anti-Parkinson’s, anti-Alzheimer’s, memory enhancement and learning skills
Crocin and saffron extract: Coping with lack of blood supply to brain cell tissue, brain damage and memory loss
Crocin and safranal: reduction of morphine addiction
Impact on the cardiovascular system and blood cells:
Saffron extract, safranal: a protective effect against heart attack
Crocin: A protective effect against abnormal heart muscle function in pumping and circulation
Crocin: Effect on atherosclerosis
Crocin: Effect on blood pressure
Crocin: Hyperlipidemia means lowering cholesterol, triglycerides and low cholesterol lipoprotein concentrations
Safranal and crocin: reduction of blood toxins
Impact on the immune system
Saffron compounds: anti-infectious diseases (measles, smallpox, yellow fever) and has antibacterial, anti-infective and anti-fungal effects
Saffron and safranal: anti-damage effects on nerve cells
Elements of saffron: analgesic, anti-inflammatory (ear damage, toothache, inflammation, ear inflammation, anal pain, gout, inflammation and gingivitis)
Impact on the genitourinary system
Crocin, Saffron Extract, Saffron: Helps with Ejaculation Delay and Erectile Dysfunction
Saffron: Positive effect on Men’s Sexual Behavior and Women ‘s Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Saffron: Improves kidney function
Impact on the eyes
Elements and compounds of saffron: poor eyesight, lack of vision during the day, tear disorders, diseases related to the retina and cornea of the eyes and cataracts
Impact on the skin
Saffron-containing liposomes and saffron-containing lotions: sunscreen, moisturizing, emollient and anti-itch properties; Skin radiance and clarity; Extensive reduction of dark pigments, dullness and bruising under the eyes and pimples and treatment of other skin problems and disorders extensively
Properties of each of the saffron compounds
Crocin: Crocin has antioxidant properties. This substance protects the body’s nerve cells.
The antioxidant properties of crocin are due to the presence of Glycosyl (glycosyl) in its chemical composition.
This substance has anti-cancer properties.
Crocin should be used as an antidepressant.
Picrocrocin: Helps to better digest food, prevent stomach problems and ulcers, insulin balance in the body, lower triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the body.
It has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant and anti-anxiety properties.
Carotenoids: The medicinal properties of carotenoids are due to the antioxidant nature of these compounds, and beta-carotenoids can be converted to vitamin A in the body. These compounds are responsible for eye health.
Properties of lycopene
Almost all foods that contain lycopene have the following properties;
* Its anti-depressant properties
* High antioxidant properties
* Heart health
* Prevent different types of cancer
* Protects the skin from the sun
Beta-carotene – Vitamin A.
Beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A in the body and is good for the health of the skin, immune system and eyes.
Exanthin: Prevention of eye problems and diseases such as cataracts.
The quality of saffron
Usually when it comes to the quality of saffron, the color and smell of saffron comes to mind.
Yes – the color, smell and taste of saffron are very important, but the appearance of saffron as well as the type of packaging that protects saffron is also very important.
Do you also want to buy the highest quality saffron at the best price? Contact the experts of Saffron King Company!
Why is saffron expensive?
Did you know that 75,000 to 78,000 saffron strings are needed to produce one pound of saffron (1 pound equals 453,592 grams)?
The many properties of this product on body health and medicinal value, as well as the supply and demand have made red gold known as the most expensive spice in the world.
Planting and harvesting saffron
One of the important points is the right time to collect saffron and separate the strings from the flower.
It is when the first flower appears on the field and the harvest begins immediately
A very important point at the time of saffron harvest is that the flowers remain only 3 to 4 days.
The longer the flowers are in the heat and under the sun and under the wind, the lower the quality, color, aroma and taste of saffron.
What is the time of harvesting saffron?
The best time to harvest saffron is before sunrise.
Harvest season usually starts in October and lasts until November and lasts between 15 to 25 days.
The best way to collect saffron flowers by hand is by workers.
They are then collected in wooden baskets to protect them from mechanical damage and possible contamination.
The interesting point is: saffron flowers should be harvested before opening, because after opening, the quality of saffron strands decreases.
Maybe now you understand the reason why saffron is expensive.
How to dry saffron
One of the factors that affect the price of saffron is the method of drying saffron.
In the old method, saffron strings were hung from the ceiling of the room in baskets with small holes and dried at room temperature, which sometimes took between five and seven days to dry.
The farmers then separate the strings from each other with the fingers.
Sometimes some farmers put saffron under a light bulb to darken the color of the string.
A new method for drying saffron…
Drying saffron with a machine
Saffron drying machines help farmers to dry their saffron in a short time (several hours).
In addition, saffron is not exposed to environmental pollution.
At the same time, the quality of saffron is maintained.
Of course, few farmers use the automatic method to dry saffron.
Our company has purchased two dryers to offer quality products in the market.
Sale of saffron and export of saffron
Planting saffron: Our company’s agricultural farm are in Iran, Afghanistan, Spain and Morocco.
Quality of saffron: There are three types of saffron. A, A + and A ++
Saffron analysis: Saffron King products are analyzed in the most equipped European laboratories.
Export of saffron: We export all kinds of saffron to all over the world.
Sales branches: Our sales branches are active in different countries of the world.
Wholesale of saffron: We are a wholesaler of saffron and we sell saffron in higher packages of 1 kg (samples are 250g).
Saffron retail: Our packages are from 0.05 to 10 grams and the minimum order quantity in these packages is 1000 packages.
One of the most important questions for buyers is where to buy pure saffron and how can we buy quality saffron at the best price.
The price of saffron depends on several factors.
Type of saffron
Type of saffron packaging
Purchase amount of saffron
Destination of sending saffron and etc…
At Saffron King, the price per kilo of saffron is uploaded daily on the company’s website.
Export of saffron
Spain is the largest exporter of saffron in the world.
Our sales office is located in Barcelona and Saffron King exports saffron to all over the world through its sales offices in different countries.
Buy pure saffron
One of the most important centers for buying saffron and one of the most reputable companies selling saffron is Saffron King Business.
Purchasing pure saffron is both possible in person and online.
The address of Saffron online store is SaffronKing.shop.
Several types of pure saffron with various packages are available in this store.